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Produced in approximately 990, they are the first translation of all four gospels into English without the Latin text.
The later text made more concessions to the native grammar of English.
The Old English Hexateuch is an illuminated manuscript of the first six books of the Old Testament without lavish illustrations and including a translation of the Book of Judges in addition to the 5 books of the Pentateuch.
The Ormulum is in Middle English of the 12th century.
For example, the story of the Wedding at Cana is almost 800 lines long, but fewer than 40 lines are the actual translation of the text.
An unusual characteristic is that the translation mimics Latin verse, and so is similar to the better known and appreciated 14th-century English poem, Cursor Mundi.